Patriotic imagery proliferated in school supplies, with items depicting American flags, eagles, and images of Liberty—symbols that non-English-speaking students could easily recognize. For companies that manufactured and advertised school supplies, this patriotic fervor was a new and often lucrative business opportunity.
Together, these forces helped produce the pledge that is now known as the Pledge of Allegiance.boyflouncorake.ml
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These gimmicks included campaigns to distribute American flags to every school and the promotion of inexpensive images of George Washington to supplement other portraits gracing classroom walls. Upton enlisted the aid of writer and ex-minister Francis Bellamy. Together they came up with a plan that included a new pledge to the flag.
While other salutes to the U. With the plan in place, Bellamy successfully lobbied Congress for support. He also received the blessing of President Benjamin Harrison. However, due to construction delays and other last-minute changes, the celebration was postponed until later in the month. Interestingly, New York City students went ahead with the planned celebration on the original date, making them the first large group of students to recite the Pledge of Allegiance. On October 21, , tens of thousands of children across the country recited the pledge as part of the National Public School Celebration.
Much has been written regarding who actually came up with the words for the Pledge of Allegiance , since both Upton and Bellamy worked on the campaign, but in the Library of Congress officially affirmed Francis Bellamy as the author. Over the past years, the Pledge of Allegiance has changed in many ways, but it has remained a fixture in the nation's classrooms. If you would like to donate a copy of either of these to the national collections, please consider sending us a message using this contact form.
She is interested in all manner of American classroom artifacts and visual culture of the classroom. Skip to main content. Blog Home About Archive. I Pledge Allegiance.
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By Debbie Schaefer-Jacobs , October 23, Related Blog Posts. Merited behavior: Rewarding the 19th century schoolchild. When I was young, one of my favorite things about school was when I could bring something home to show my parents. I relished their At 15 years old, Harold Cotton tucked his shoe shine box under his arm and walked to Jefferson Square in downtown Greensboro, North Slates, crayons, and quills: Back to school supplies of the past. The kids are back to school and parents have done their best to fill seemingly endless lists of new school supplies.
But what did children I made this tool after working on Related Words which is a very similar tool, except it uses a bunch of algorithms and multiple databases to find similar words to a search query. That project is closer to a thesaurus in the sense that it returns synonyms for a word or short phrase query, but it also returns many broadly related words that aren't included in thesauri.
So this project, Reverse Dictionary, is meant to go hand-in-hand with Related Words to act as a word-finding and brainstorming toolset.
For those interested, I also developed Describing Words which helps you find adjectives and interesting descriptors for things e. In case you didn't notice, you can click on words in the search results and you'll be presented with the definition of that word if available.
- I Pledge Allegiance.
- No Risk No Rewards (Self Esteem Doesnt Come in a Bottle Book 1);
- The Grand Army Of The Golden Eagle.
- Programme of the world revolution?
The definitions are sourced from the famous and open-source WordNet database, so a huge thanks to the many contributors for creating such an awesome free resource. Special thanks to the contributors of the open-source code that was used in this project: Elastic Search , HubSpot , WordNet , and mongodb.
Popular Searches. Here's a list of the sites that I'm currently working on: reverse dictionary is a website that allows you to find words based on their definition.
- BBC News Navigation.
- Donate Button?
- Account Options.
- The Sicilians Marriage Arrangement (Mills & Boon Modern) (Ruthless Book 7).
- Mastering Corporate Tax (Carolina Academic Press Mastering).
In other words, it turns sentences or phrases into words. Give the engine a seed word and it will find a huge list of related words. It allows you to do a broader search than a thesaurus allows. It helps you find inspiration for describing things.